Fewer unemployed, but more on labour market schemes
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
innvarbl, Unemployment among immigrants, register-based, labour market initiatives, immigrant background, period of residenceUnemployment , Labour market and earnings, Immigration and immigrants, Labour market and earnings

Unemployment among immigrants, register-basedQ3 2016



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Fewer unemployed, but more on labour market schemes

Registered unemployment among immigrants decreased from 7.5 per cent in August 2015 to 7.2 per cent in August 2016, while the unemployment rate was stable at 2.3 per cent within the rest of the population. In the whole population, the unemployment rate was 3.1 per cent in August 2016.

Registered unemployed, by immigrant background and region of birth. In absolute figures and in per cent of the labour force
3rd quarter 2016Change last twelve months
Absolute figuresPer cent3rd quarter 2015 - 3rd quarter 2016
Absolute figuresPercentage points
1Non-residents included.
2Turkey is included.
Registered unemployed, total84 6673.1-340.0
Non-immigrant population153 6692.31580.0
Immigrants, total30 9987.2-192-0.3
The Nordic countries1 5133.1-99-0.2
Western Europe else1 9114.2800.0
EU countries in Eastern Europe10 3168.0-310-0.6
Eastern Europe else2 5737.043-0.1
North-America and Oceania2583.8-1-0.1
Asia28 5487.8-88-0.4
Africa4 76111.9182-0.5
South- and Central-Amerika1 1188.11-0.2

Almost 31 000 immigrants were registered as unemployed by the end of August this year, which is the reference time of the 3rd quarter. These people constituted 36.6 per cent of the registered unemployed in total. 

There was a decline in the unemployment rate within all of the immigrant groups, but with some variations. Immigrants from the EU countries in the east had the strongest fall at 0.6 percentage points. Immigrants from Africa and Asia also had a decrease, of 0.5 and 0.4 percentage points respectively. The remaining groups, however, had rather marginal decreases.

Increase among participants on labour market schemes

Conversely, the number of immigrants who participated on labour market schemes went up by 2 264 from August 2015 to August 2016, which constituted a growth of 56.7 per cent within this participant group. The participant rate also increased. When the rate of unemployed and participants on labour market schemes are added together (i.e. the gross unemployment rate as a percentage of the labour force), there was a slight growth at 0.2 percentage points among immigrants during the last year. Also within the rest of the population the number of participants went up (by 58.6 per cent), and the gross unemployment rate increased slightly by 0.1 percentage points. 

African immigrants still have the highest unemployment rate

Despite some decrease, immigrants from Africa still have the highest unemployment rate, at 11.9 per cent in the 3rd quarter, which is due to the large percentage of refugees within this group. Next were immigrants from Latin America and the EU countries in Eastern Europe at about 8 per cent within each group. Immigrants from Asia had a rate of 7.8 per cent, while those from Eastern Europe outside the EU had 7 per cent registered unemployed, which is slightly below the immigrant average. As usual, the remaining groups had rates far below the immigrant average: Western Europe (4.2 per cent), North America and Oceania (3.8 per cent) and the Nordic countries (3.1 per cent). 

Higher unemployment rate among immigrant women

Within the immigrant group, women have a higher unemployment rate than men, with 7.5 per cent versus 7.0 per cent. Within the rest or the population we can observe the opposite pattern, 1.9 per cent among women and 2.6 per cent among men. 

fig-2016-11-16-01-en; Immigrants who are registered as unemployed as a percentage of the labour force by county of residence. At the end of August 2016.

Lower unemployment among Norwegian-born to immigrant parents than immigrants

Norwegian-born to immigrant parents is still a rather small group of unemployed persons. This group constituted 1 194 registered unemployed persons in the 3rd quarter of 2016. A large share of this group is aged 15-29 years, and the unemployment rate within this age group was 4.3 per cent. Immigrants and the rest of the population at the same age had 7.6 and 3 per cent unemployed respectively. 

Both Norwegian-born to immigrant parents and the rest of the population aged 15-29 years had a decrease of 0.4 percentage points, while there was a decline of 0.3 percentage points among immigrants.